“Dollar vans,” so named because it historically cost $1.00 to take a shared ride on a major NYC thoroughfare, are a prominent and often illegal mode of transport in New York City, carrying an estimated 120,000 people every day. The New York City dollar van fleet consists of approximately 350 operators licensed with the Taxi and Limousine Commission and 500 unlicensed, all privately owned. In 2011, the New York City dollar van system was the 20th largest bus system in America.
Goldwyn, Eric, "Dollar Vans," presentation at NYU Rudin Center, November 2013.
King, David A. and Eric Goldwyn. (Under review) “Why Do Regulated Jitney Services Often Fail? Evidence from the New York City Group Ride Vehicle Project” Presented at the Presented at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. January 2013. Washington, DC.
Margonelli, Lisa. "The (Illegal) Private Bus System That Works," The Atlantic, October, 2011.